Pregnancy is a period associated with sudden hormonal changes, largely affecting the skin.
Changes in the mammary glands are one of the first signs of pregnancy – they increase in volume and small bluish streaks appear on their surface.
It is recommended to wear appropriate bras that do not squeeze the chest.
Nipples are prone to increased pigmentation, but the appearance of a brown line between the navel and pubis is also common.
Pregnancy mask – pigmentation of the face, predominant on the protruding parts – nose, cheeks, forehead, is associated with hormonal changes that contribute to pigmentation, with the sun and skin irritation.
The pregnancy mask may persist for several months or years after delivery.
How to deal with pigmentation on the face?
- avoid exposure to sunlight and use sunscreen;
- Avoiding products that irritate the skin of the face – peels, and creams containing acids.
Stretch marks are associated with violations of the structure of the deep layers of the skin, due to excessive skin tension that occurs too quickly.
Pregnancy is associated with weight gain and hormonal changes, which is especially favorable for the appearance of stretch marks, especially in the chest, hips, and abdomen.
You can prevent the appearance of stretch marks by massaging and gently lubricating the skin of the affected areas – chest, abdomen, and thighs with an enriched moisturizer or oil for at least five minutes a day.
Expansion and compression of veins
At the beginning of pregnancy, hormonal changes are aimed, in particular, at expanding and stimulating the development of vessels in the uterus in order to provide suitable conditions for fetal development.
The veins on the legs are also prone to dilation.
In the later stages of pregnancy, the uterus takes up more and more space in the abdominal cavity and begins to press on the abdominal veins, making it difficult for the venous return from the legs to the heart.
The pressure in the veins of the legs increases, which further contributes to their expansion.
The best solution to limit the risk of varicose veins is to wear compression tights designed specifically for pregnant women whose abdomen is elastic and elastic.
Some tips for improving blood circulation in the veins:
- avoid prolonged standing;
- avoid hot baths and showers;
- Restriction of exposure to the sun;
- Regular and easy walking or swimming;
- Foot shower with warm water
- Braid, leather, nocti
Hormonal changes tend to accelerate the growth of hair and nails, making them healthier and shinier.
On the contrary, sometimes there is a tendency to hair loss — the so-called telogen alopecia, as well as a weakening of the strength of nails that become brittle at the end of pregnancy or after childbirth.
These changes in the health of hair and nails are also associated with iron deficiency during this period.
Hormonal changes affect not only the health of the hair but also the glands that are attached to the hair – sebaceous glands that secrete sebum.
Each pregnancy is individual and it is difficult to predict what changes will occur on the skin – in some cases, there is an improvement in skin health, and in others – acne increased skin oiliness, and a tendency to skin problems.